Citing Electronic Resources

Free Citation Engines

NoodleBib Express <http://www.noodletools.com/login.php> -- free tool to generate APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian style references based on type of source -- periodical, non-periodical, electronic/online, audiovisual, etc.

Landmarks citation machine <http://citationmachine.net/> -- David Warlick's Landmarks for Schools Web site offers a free online tool, called Citation Machine that produces proper citations in both MLA and APA formats.  Students can open, select the type of resource they want to cite, enter the "raw" information requested (author, publisher, etc.), and then click on Make Citations.

CiteFast <http://www.citefast.com/> -- free citation tool for APA, MLA, and Chicago style manual for basic resources: Print or Online -- journal, magazine, book, newspaper, Website; a quick style guide to in-text citations and references.

Refworks.com <www.refworks.com> -- with institutional subscription; an online research management, writing and collaboration tool -- is designed to help researchers easily gather, manage, store and share all types of information, as well as generate citations and bibliographies.

CiteThisForMe <http://www.citethisforme.com/> -- citations for books, newspapers, journals, websites, blogs, email, interviews, etc. but does not distinguish between style formats (APA or MLA)

Documenting Electronic Sources in Specific Disciplines

Compilation of Citations of Electronic Resources <http://academics.smcvt.edu/cbauer-ramazani/BU113/citation_electr_references.htm> -- by Christine Bauer-Ramazani, based on APA sources, with examples for Foundations of Business Administration class

Two main documentation styles used in the USA are MLA (the Modern Language Association) and APA (the American Psychological Association). The MLA style is used in the humanities, and the APA in the natural and social sciences.

For the APA style, try these pages:

The American Psychological Association's Citing Electronic Sources Guide <http://www.apastyle.org/elecref.html> -- free Tutorial for APA style: http://www.apastyle.org/elecgeneral.html
The Purdue OWL's Using APA format <http://owl.english.purdue.edu/handouts/print/research/PDFs/r_docelectric.pdf>
The Purdue OWL's Citation Chart (http://owl.english.purdue.edu/media/pdf/20110928111055_949.pdf)
The Purdue OWL's Corrected Sample Papers (http://supp.apa.org/style/PM6E-Corrected-Sample-Papers.pdf)
Diana Hacker's Research and Documentation Online (Social Sciences)

Research and Documentation Online <http://bcs.bedfordstmartins.com/resdoc5e/RES5e_ch09_s1-0009.html> -- Sample research paper in APA style; in-text citations and references
Examples of References
by the University of Alberta's Citation Style Guides for Internet and Electronic Sources
<http://guides.library.ualberta.ca/content.php?pid=51541&sid=380592>

Citing Internet and Electronic Sources <http://academics.smcvt.edu/sburks/citing_internet.htm> -- Steve Burks, Reference/Instruction Librarian at Saint Michael's College; other citation guides -- http://www2.smcvt.edu/library/ready_reference/index.htm#Citation_Guides

For MLA citations, check out these pages:

The Modern Language Association's page <http://www.mla.org/style_faq1>  
The Purdue OWL's MLA Formatting and Style Guide <http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/01/>


Back to Christine's Links to Useful TESL/CALL Web Sites
Last Updated: February 25, 2012
Christine Bauer-Ramazani.  All rights reserved.  This site may not be mirrored.
 free counters