Citing Electronic Resources

Free Citation Engines

Citation machine <> -- David Warlick's Landmarks for Schools Web site offers a free online tool, called Citation Machine that produces proper citations in both MLA and APA formats.  Students can open, select the type of resource they want to cite, enter the "raw" information requested (author, publisher, etc.), and then click on Make Citations.

Bibme <> -- free citation tool for APA, MLA, Chicago style manual, and Turabian; with free registration stores "bibliographies" of generated citations

CiteFast <> -- free citation tool for APA, MLA, and Chicago style manual for basic resources: Print or Online -- journal, magazine, book, newspaper, Website; a quick style guide to in-text citations and references. <> -- with institutional subscription; an online research management, writing and collaboration tool -- is designed to help researchers easily gather, manage, store and share all types of information, as well as generate citations and bibliographies.

CiteThisForMe <> -- citations for books, newspapers, journals, websites, blogs, email, interviews, etc. but does not distinguish between style formats (APA or MLA)

Documenting Electronic Sources in Specific Disciplines

Compilation of Citations of Electronic Resources <> -- by Christine Bauer-Ramazani, based on APA sources, with examples for Foundations of Business Administration class

Two main documentation styles used in the USA are MLA (the Modern Language Association) and APA (the American Psychological Association). The MLA style is used in the humanities, and the APA in the natural and social sciences.

For the APA style, try these pages:

The American Psychological Association:
       APA Style CENTRAL --
includes a free The Basics of APA Style: Tutorial; guidelines for references; punctuation; grammar & writing; creating a running head
Citing Electronic Sources Guide <> -- free
Tutorial for APA style:
The Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL)'s APA Formatting and Style Guide, Citation Chart and Corrected Sample Papers
Cornell University's APA Citation Guide
Diana Hacker's Research and Documentation Online (Social Sciences)

Research and Documentation Online <> -- Sample research paper in APA style; in-text citations and references
Examples of References
by the University of Alberta's Citation Style Guides for Internet and Electronic Sources

For MLA citations, check out these pages:

The Modern Language Association's page <>  
The Purdue OWL's MLA Formatting and Style Guide <>

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Last Updated: June 9, 2017
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