The Structure of a Paragraph

Your name
Course # and title
Professor's name
Date

OUTLINE

Title of the paragraph

I. Topic Sentence (TS): ___________________________________________________________ (TOPIC + CONTROLLING IDEA)

II. Supporting Points--SP (examples, reasons)

     A. Supporting Point #1: _________________________________
          1. Specific fact/detail #1: ______________________________
          2. Specific fact/detail #2: ______________________________

     B. Supporting Point #2: _________________________________
          1. Specific fact/detail #1: ______________________________
          2. Specific fact/detail #2: ______________________________

    C. Supporting Point #3: _________________________________
          1. Specific fact/detail #1: _____________________________ 
          2. Specific fact/detail #2: _____________________________

III. Concluding Sentence (CS): _____________________________________________________ (restatement of the TS)

WRITING THE PARAGRAPH

Title

              Topic sentence                                                                   Bridge sentence                                                                .   Transition, supporting point #1   (SP #1)                                                                               .  Specific fact/detail #1 for SP #1                                                                    Transition, specific fact/detail #2 for SP #1                                               .  Transition, supporting point #2 (SP #2                                                                                                   .  Specific fact/detail #1 for SP #2                                                                                            .  Specific fact/detail #2 for SP #2                                               .  Transition, supporting point #3 (SP #3)                                                                                         Specific fact/detail #1 for SP #3                                               . Specific fact/detail #2 for SP #3                                               .  Transition, concluding sentence                                                                                                             . 

ADDING TRANSITIONS

see also Techniques of Sentence Combination (Discourse Markers)

Transitions for topic sentences
In general, _______________________________________________________________.
                          (S + V + C)
Generally, ________________________________________________________.
As a rule, _______________________________________________________________.
usually
often

Transitions for supporting points
First, _________________________________________________________________.
Second,
Next,
In addition,
Furthermore,
(to introduce the last supporting example) Finally,

Transitions for specific details/examples
For example, ___________________________________________________________.
For instance,                      (S + V + C)
To illustrate,
____________________________________________________________, for example.
                        (S + V + C)                                                                               for instance.
One (an) example of ___________________________________is _________________.
                                            (topic)
As an example, __________________________________________________________.
________________________________________ is an example of _________________.
                                                                                                                (topic)
A final example of __________________________________ is ____________________.
                                                      (topic)

Transitions for concluding sentences
In conclusion, __________________________________________________________.
In summary,                                           (S + V + C)
In short,
As we have seen,

2006  Christine Bauer-Ramazani, Saint Michael's College. Last updated: July 09, 2017