Vermont in the United States and New England

 

Words to Know

land area

latitude

political boundary  

 

Location and Size

            Vermont is located in the northeastern part of the United States.  Vermont is a small state and ranks 43rd in the United States.  Only Delaware, New Jersey, Hawaii, and four New England states are smaller.  Vermont's total land area is 9,609 square miles.  This includes 333 square miles of water area (lakes, ponds, and streams) inside its borders.

 

            Vermont is about 157 miles long from the Canadian border south to Massachusetts.  The northern boundary with Canada is about 90 miles in length.  This is the widest part of the state.  The boundary narrows to about 42 miles in the south along the Massachusetts border.

 

            Vermont is also one of six New England states and is the second largest in terms of area.  Maine is by far the largest New England state.  Its area is almost as big as Vermont and the other four New England states combined!  Vermont's population is the smallest of the six New England states.  Vermont is also the only New England state without an ocean coastline.

 

 

STATE

AREA (SQUARE
MILES)

 RANK

POPULATION (2000)

POPULATION RANK

 DENSITY

OCEAN COASTLINE
(MILES)

Maine

30,920

1

1,274,923

3

41

228

Vermont

9,609

2

608,827

6

66

-

New Hampshire

9,207

3

1,235,786

4

138

13

Massachusetts

7,826

4

6,349,097

1

810

192

Connecticut

4,862

5

3,405,565

2

703

97*

Rhode Island

1,049

6

1,048,319

5

1003

40

Sources: Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Ocean Service and United States Census Bureau.   * Length for CT is derived from an electronic source -- see http://www.srh.noaa.gov/lch/research/trophis.htm for details.

 

Vermont's Neighbors

            The Province of Quebec in Canada is Vermont's large neighbor to the north.  The vast province is a half million square miles in area.  It would take 60 states the size of Vermont to equal one province the size of Quebec!  Vermont is one of only 17 states that border on another country.  The northern boundary with Canada is just north of 45 degrees latitude.  This imaginary line on the surface of the earth is exactly halfway between the North Pole and the Equator.  Signs mark the line at the point where it crosses the interstate highways in northern Vermont.

 

            New York is the large state to the west of Vermont.  Lake Champlain forms about two-thirds of its boundary with New York.  The western boundary follows the deepest channel of the lake from Quebec to the Poultney River near West Haven.  Two-thirds of the lake and all of the large islands are part of Vermont.

 

            Vermont's neighbor to the south is Massachusetts.  The boundary line runs from Pownal on the western side of the state to Vernon on the Connecticut River in eastern Vermont.

 

            The Connecticut River forms Vermont's eastern border with New Hampshire.  The boundary is actually on the Vermont side of the river at the low water mark.  This means that New Hampshire "owns" the river that divides the two states.

 

            Even though the river is a political boundary between Vermont and New Hampshire, the Connecticut River Valley has always been a distinct area.  The two sides of the valley share a common history and the physical and cultural geography is similar.  Early in the state's history, towns on both sides of the river discussed forming a separate state.  Today many people live in one state, but work or shop across the river in the other state.

 

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