Weather and Climate of Vermont

meteorologists : people who study and predict the weather.  They use instruments and computers to measure and record such things as temperature and precipitation. 

climate : conditions including temperature, precipitation, and wind, which dominate the weather of a given region.

moderate :
precipitation within reasonable limits that is not excessive.

winter solstice : the day, December 21, with the longest night and the fewest daylight hours.  This day marks the official beginning of winter

spring equinox :
the day, March 21, each spring when the night lasts for exactly the same amount of time as the daylight hours.

thaw : periods of uncharacteristically warm temperatures which occur in the winter when temperatures reach 40 or 50 degrees F and the snow melts.

mud season : refers to a period of time each spring when thawing and melting water saturates the ground, making dirt roads wet and difficult to travel.

summer solstice :
the day, June 21, with the most daylight hours and shortest night.  This day marks the first day of summer.

fall equinox :
the day, September 23, each fall when the night lasts for exactly the same amount of time as the daylight hours.

humidity :
the amount of moisture in the atmosphere.

Indian summer :
a warming trend of dry, moderate weather conditions that lasts for several days.