Vermont Facts and Symbols


The State Nickname is the "Green Mountain State."


The State Motto is "Freedom and Unity."


The State Capital is Montpelier, since 1808.


Vermont's population 2000 is 608,827.


Vermont's largest city is Burlington (38,889).


Statehood:  Independent Republic, January 1777; Statehood, March 4, 1791; the fourteenth state and the first state to join the Union.



Vermont's area is 9,609 square miles, including 333 square miles of inland water.


Vermont's highest and lowest points are Mt. Mansfield (4,393 feet) and Lake Champlain (95 feet).


The length of the state from the Canadian border to the Massachusetts border along the central meridian is 157.41 miles.


The width of the state along the Vermont-Canadian border is 90.3 miles and along the Vermont-Massachusetts border is 41.65 miles.


The State Flower is the red clover.  It was chosen in 1894.  It may be seen everywhere and is important to farmers in Vermont.  The red clover is not a native, however; it was transplanted from Europe to this country.  (learn how this became the state flower)


The State Bird is the hermit thrush.  It was chosen in 1941.  It has a sweet call and may be found in all 14 counties.  The hermit thrush migrates south in the winter. ( learn how this became the state bird)


The State Tree is the sugar maple.  It was chosen in 1949.  Not only does the tree produce the sap for famous Vermont maple syrup, but it also has beautiful foliage during the autumn season.


The State Animal is the Morgan horse.  It was chosen in 1961.  The animal was originally bred by Justin Morgan of Randolph.


The State Insect is the honeybee.  It was suggested to the legislature as a good choice for a state symbol by fourth graders from the town of Barnard in 1977 and adopted by the legislature in 1978.


The State Flag was chosen in 1923.  The flag bears the Vermont Coat of Arms on a blue field.  The shield in the center includes a pine tree, wheat, a cow, and the Green Mountains in the background.  There is also a stags head at the top of the shield.  Vermont's motto "Freedom and Unity" is included at the bottom.

Vermont State Flag


The Great Seal of Vermont.  The Great Seal of Vermont was designed by Ira Allen and made by Reuben Dean of Windsor in 1778.  The Seal was accepted by the General Assembly in 1779.  The original seal wore out, so a new one was made in 1821.  The new design was different, but the original seal by Ira Allen was brought back in 1937 and is still used today.  (Find out the story of the Great Seal here!)

Want to see a copy of Vermont's Constitution? Go to this site -

Go here to find out Vermont's State Song - Look further to find Vermont's old State Song-


Web Quiz Here

Word Quiz Here