DISABILITY DETERMINATION

ADVERSE EFFECT 
NEED FOR SPECIALIZED
INSTRUCTION 
Is
there a disability? 
Is
there an Adverse Effect in the basic skills? 
Is
there a need for special instruction? 
·
Give
rationale for · Describe learning profile 
· If the student is determined to have a disability, which basic skill area(s) is the disability having an adverse effect on? · If student is experiencing education difficulty in a basic skill area (though not found to have a disability) what information does the ESS need to support/accommodate the student? 
· Report the skill deficits discovered in the adverse effect protocol 
·
Look
at disability ·
Decide
which tests and ·
Review
measurement 
What measures will you use to answer the adverse effect question? · Look at the “disability” measures to see if any of that information can be applied to adverse effect criteria · Review measurement outcomes. Decide if they meet the criteria for an adverse effect · EPT determines if student is below age or grade norms; in the 15^{th} percentile or below; or a –1.0 standard deviation below the mean; or equivalent. Choose three out of six different measures gathered over a period of time.  standard or percentile scores on an individuallyadministered nationally normed achievement test  standard or percentile scores on a groupadministered nationally normed achievement test  grades  curriculumbased measures  normed referenced assessments  student work, language samples, portfolios 
Identify and develop the appropriate instructional strategies for this student to progress in the general education curriculum 
Answer the Disability Question 
Answer the Adverse effect Question 
Answer the Need for Specialized Instruction 
Answer: If YES, proceed to criterion 2 If NO, proceed to criterion 2 to further inform the ESS 
Answer: If YES for criterion 1 and 2 proceed to criterion 3. If YES for criterion 1 and NO for criterion 2, refer to the building administrator for 504 consideration (section 2362.2.6). 
Answer: If YES for criterion 1,2 and 3, then the student is eligible for special education. If YES for criterion 1 and 2 and NO for criterion 3 refer to bldg administrator for 504 consideration. 
Vermont Department of
Education Student Support Team revised 10/2006