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Total Worldwide Speakers: 68,634,000
Language Family: Austro-Asiatic
Vietnam, Australia, Cambodia, Canada, China, Côte d’Ivoire, Czech Republic, Finland, France, Germany, Laos, Martinique, Netherlands, New Caledonia, Norway, Philippines, Russian Federation (Asia), Senegal, Taiwan, Thailand, United Kingdom, United States, Vanuatu.
Vietnamese was originally written with a Siniform (Chinese-like) script. At first most Vietnamese literature was essentially Chinese in structure and vocabulary. Later literature developed a more Vietnamese style, but was still full of Chinese loan words.
During the 17th century, Roman Catholic missionaries introduced a Latin-based orthography for Vietnamese, which has been used ever since. Until the early 20th century, the Latin-based orthography was used alongside the original script. Today only the Latin script is used.
Mango Languages is available free to all Saint Michael's students, faculty, and staff in a number of languages. Each Mango lesson is focused on practical, common conversation skills and includes instruction on vocabulary, pronunciation, grammar, and culture.
For assistance with Mango, please see the Getting Started with Mango Languages guide.