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Polish

Photo courtesy of Kathryn Bousquet

Quick Facts

 

Total Worldwide Speakers: 39,990,670

 

Language Family: Indo-European, Slavic

 

Spoken in:

Poland, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Hungary, Israel, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Russian Federation (Europe), Serbia, Slovakia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United States.

 

 

History:
 
Polish first appeared in writing in 1136 in the "Gniezno papal bull" (Bulla gnieźnieńska), which included 410 Polish names. The first written Polish sentence was day ut ia pobrusa a ti poziwai (I'll grind [the corn] in the quern and you'll rest), which appeared in Ksiega henrykowska in 1270.

 

Literary Polish is based on the dialects of Gniezno, Cracow and Warsaw, though there is some dispute about this. Great Polish poets include Jan Kochanowski (1530-84) and Adam Mickiewicz (1798-1855), the 'national bard' and author of an epic entitled "Pan Tadeusz". The most famous writer of Polish orgin is Joseph Conrad or Konrad Korzeniowski (1857-1924), who wrote in English and started out as a sailor.

 

 

Sources: The Ethnologue & Omniglot

Web-Based Resources

 
BBC Languages — Polish

BBC Language is an online base language learning software that offers resources for Chinese, Spanish, French, English, and many more languages. Learn the basics of 36 different languages and the culture as well!

 
Global Road Warrior

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