Quick Facts


Total Worldwide Speakers: 16,025,505


Language Family: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian


Spoken in:
Iraq, Afghanistan, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Netherlands, Norway, Russian Federation (Europe), Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Turkmenistan, United Kingdom, United States.



Kurdish is a member of the Western Iranian branch of Indo-European languages. It first began to appear in writing in a version of the Persian alphabet during the 7th century AD. However for much of their history, the Kurds have preferred to use Arabic, Persian or Turkish for their literary works. In Turkey, Kurdish is written with the Latin alphabet and in parts of the former Soviet Union it is written with the Cyrillic alphabet.


The first well-known Kurdish poet was Ell Herirl (1425-1495), and Kurdish literature started to become popular during the 16th century.



Sources: The Ethnologue & Omniglot


Turtles Can Fly

Audio Tracks Kurdish
Subtitles English
Running Time 97 min
Rating PG-13

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