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Hindi

Photo Courtesy of Kathryn Mitiguy

Quick Facts

 

Total Worldwide Speakers: 181,676,620

 

Language Family: Indo-European

 

Spoken in:
 
India (northern), Bangladesh, Belize, Bhutan, Botswana, Canada, Djibouti, Germany, Kenya, Nepal, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, South Africa, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Yemen, Zambia.

 

 

History:
 
Hindi is an Indo-Aryan language and is one of the official languages of India. It is spoken in much of north and central India alongside other languages such as Punjabi, Gujarati, Marathi or Bengali. In other parts of India, as well as in Nepal, Bangladesh and Pakistan, Hindi is understood.

 

Hindi is closely related to Urdu, the main language of Pakistan, which is written with the Arabic script, and linguists consider Standard Hindi and Standard Urdu to be different formal registers both derived from the Khari Boli dialect, which is also known as Hindustani. Apart from the difference in writing systems, the other main difference between Hindi and Urdu is that Hindi contains more vocabulary from Sanskrit, while Urdu contains more vocabulary from Persian.

 

Hindi first started to be used in writing during the 4th century AD. It was originally written with the Brahmi script but since the 11th century AD it has been written with the Devanāgarī alphabet. The first printed book in Hindi was John Gilchrist's Grammar of the Hindoostanee Language which was published in 1796.

 

 

Sources: The Ethnologue & Omniglot

DVDs

 
Devdas

 
Audio Tracks Hindi, Urdu, Bengali
Subtitles English
Running Time 147 min
Rating Not Rated

 
Dil Chahta Hai

 
Audio Tracks Hindi, Urdu
Subtitles English
Running Time 185 min
Rating Not Rated

 
Jodhaa Akbar

 
Audio Tracks Hindi, Urdu
Subtitles English
Running Time 209 min
Rating Not Rated

 
Kal Ho Naa Ho

 
Audio Tracks Hindi
Subtitles English, French, Spanish, Arabic, Malay, and Dutch
Running Time 186 min
Rating 12+

 
My Name is Kahn

 
Audio Tracks Hindi, English
Subtitles English, French, Spanish
Running Time 161 min
Rating PG-13

 
Veer-Zaara

 
Audio Tracks Hindi, Urdu, Punjabi
Subtitles English
Running Time 192 min
Rating Not Rated

 
Water

 
Audio Tracks Hindi
Subtitles English
Running Time 117 min
Rating Not Rated

Software


Talk Now! - Hindi

An interactive language learning program, Talk Now! is an excellent program for beginners to a new language. Features include speech recording to compare your voice to those of native speakers, quizzes, a printable dictionary, and more. Compatible on both PCs and Macs.

Web-Based Resources

Web-Based Software

Mango Languages LogoMango Languages is available free to all Saint Michael's students, faculty, and staff in a number of languages. Each Mango lesson is focused on practical, common conversation skills and includes instruction on vocabulary, pronunciation, grammar, and culture.

For assistance with Mango, please see the Getting Started with Mango Languages guide.

 

Web-Based Links

 
Global Road Warrior

Use this database to get acclimated to a country's business culture and etiquette (greetings & courtesies, ethics, meetings, attire), society and culture (gift giving, food, media, time & punctuality) and travel tips (money & banking, transportation, and more) for 175 countries.


Hindi Resources

Free resources for learning basic Hindi. Same site also offers paid services including Hindi language tutors, guides, and online home study courses that include direct interaction with Hindi instructors.