LL250: Intercultural Communication                

Prof. Bauer-Ramazani                                                                                                     Name _________________    

 

Worksheet for Chapter 5

 Nonverbal Communication:  The Messages of Action, Space, Time, and Silence

 

 

Directions: Use the information in this chapter to support your answers to the following questions.

  1. "Nonverbal communication is all around us."  Comment and give examples.




     

  2. How important is NVC?  Are there possibilities for misunderstandings? 



     

  3. What elements are included in S&P's definition of NVC, and what does this definition imply?



     

  4. Name the five uses/functions of NVC and give an example of each.








Nonverbal Communication and Culture
 

  1. "Similar to culture, NVC is invisible, omnipresent, and learned."  Comment and give examples.




     

  2. Name the 7 components of NVC associated with body language and the 3 associated with the setting/context.







     

  3. By the husk you may judge the nut." and "Beauty is in the eye of the beholder."  Comment on the inference made from a person's appearance..

     

  4. Give an example of a common American sitting posture that is insulting or offensive to other cultures.


     

  5. T / F   All gestures are innate.
     

  6. T / F   Gestures for "come here" (beckoning) are universal.
     

  7. T / F   Nodding and shaking one's hand are universal expressions of accepting and understanding.
     

  8. T / F   Co-cultural and gender differences are expressed in the amount and significance of gestures.
     

  9. T / F   Some facial expressions are innate and universal.
     

  10. What problems may arise from direct eye contact?

     

  11. What does the fact that Japanese has no word for "kiss" indicate?

     

  12. With which culture would Americans miscommunicate regarding smell?
     

  13. Define paralanguage and give examples.

     

  14. T / F   World Englishes are dialects.
     

  15. Define proxemics.
     

  16. T / F   Silence has universal meaning.

In the grid below, give examples of nonverbal communication in the different cultures and co-cultures.  Indicate the cultural patterns/value dimensions, and/or orientation associated with them.

Nonverbal Communication

Characterics/
Examples

Interpretations
(by own + other cultures)

Cultural Pattern/ Value Dimension / Orientation

Appearance/beauty
  • US
  • Japan
  • Africa
  • Russia
  • China
     
Attire
  • Arabs
  • Germans
  • Japan
  • African-Americans
     
Kinesics--Posture
  • Japan
  • Thailand
  • India
  • US: African-American
  • US: male-female
     
Kinesics--Gestures--Pointing
  • US
  • Germany
     
Kinesics--Gestures--culture-specific gestures
  • US--OK sign
  • sexual connotation gest.
     
Kinesics--Gestures--beckoning
  • US
  • Korea
  • Germany
  • Arab cultures
  • Spain
     
Kinesics--Gestures--Acceptance & Understanding
  • US
     
Facial Expressions
Grief/sadness
  • Mediterranean men
  • white US males
  • Japanese males
  • Koreans
  • Chinese
     
Facial Expressions
Smile
  • US
  • German
  • Korean
  • Thai
  • Indonesian
  • male/female
     
Direct Eye contact
  • US
  • Japan
  • Latin America
  • Africa
  • India
  • Egypt
  • Germans
     
Staring
  • Native Americans
  • Mexican-Americans
  • African-Americans
  • US: male/female
     
Touch/Physical Contact
  • Arabs
  • Asians
  • African-Americans
  • Southeast Asia
  • India
  • US: male/female
     
Paralanguage
Volume
  • Arabs
  • Israelis
  • Germans
  • Thais
  • Japanese
  • African-Americans
  • US: male/female
     
Paralanguage
Sounds/noises (Vocal characteristics, incl. laughing)
  • Arabs
  • Africa
  • Japan
     
Proxemics
Personal space
  • US
  • Great Britain
  • Germany
  • Australia
  • Arab cultures
  • Asian cultures
     
Proxemics
Seating
  • US
  • China
  • Japan
  • Fiji
     
Proxemics
Furniture arrangements
  • US
  • France
  • Germany
  • Japan
     
Time
Informal Time--punctuality
  • US/GB
  • Arab cultures
  • Italy
  • Java
     
Time--pace
  • France
  • Japan
  • Indonesia
     
Time
Past, Present, Future
  • GB, China, Japan, Irish, Native Americans
  • Filipinos/Latins
  • US
     
Time
Monochronic
  • Germany, Austria, Switzerland, US
     
Time
Polychronic
  • Turks, Arabs, Asians, Latins, Africans
     
Silence
  • US, Germans, French, Southern Europeans, Arabs
  • Eastern cultures
  • Japan
  • India,
  • Native Americans
     

2004  Christine Bauer-Ramazani, Saint Michael's College. Last updated: September 15, 2014