English for Academic Purposes
Prof. Bauer-Ramazani

 

Standard Symbols & Abbreviations in Note-Taking

SYMBOL/
ABBREV.
Words/Phrases
used in lectures
SYMBOL/
ABBREV.
Words/Phrases
used in lectures
SYMBOL/
ABBREV.
Words/Phrases
used in lectures
= is (was), are (were), is equal to, is the same as gov. (or gvt) government so./no. southern/northern
is different from, unlike, is not equal to mbr member E, W, S, N (the) East, West, South, North
&, + and dept department am, pm in the morning, in the afternoon
> is greater than, is more than co. Company M-F Monday through Friday
< is less than, is smaller than Inc. incorporated (= Ltd., limited, in Britain) X times (multiple)
b/c because, because of mph miles per hour int'l international
\ from this we can conclude, therefore st. Street / per

==>

lead to, result in, cause s.th. to happen, create, affect P price mo/wk/yr/hr month/week/year/hour
<== result from, be affected by, as a result of S supply bldg building
go up, increase, rise D demand mtg meeting
  go down, decrease, drop, fall Y income # (or no.) number
w/ with π profit @ at
w/o without CEO Chief Executive Officer % percent, percentage
w/in within mgt management $ money, dollar (any currency)
e.g. for example, for instance (also: EX) mgr manager s.o., s.b. someone, somebody (also: s.th.=something)
i.e. that is, in other words chge change ev.th. everything
b/w between xchge exchange th.s. themselves; also h.s.= himself/herself
' foot mfr manufacturer mfrg manufacturing
" inch(es) ec. economy, economic ch. chapter
mkt market mil (or M), bil (or B) million, billion vs. versus, against
mktg marketing avg. average GPA Grade Point Average

copyright 2005: Christine Bauer-Ramazani; last updated: August 31, 2017