Group/Team Development – 4 Stages
(based on Tuckman's Stages of Group Development, 1965)


People act politely, superficially.  No one mentions the elephant in the corner, the nagging question: Will they accept me as a member of this group?


Once people feel like legitimate members, they ask, “How much influence do I have in this group?”  A battle for control ensues.


Knowing how much (or how little) influence they have, members tire of wrangling, develop their own rules (norms) and get down to work.  Everyone acts alike.


Everyone’s acting alike proves inefficient.  As members accept each others’ different talents, the group works better.